Egypt is a country in northeastern Africa, on the Mediterranean Sea; pop. 90,866,600 capital, Cairo; official language, Arabic. April 25th 1880 the first two sisters arrived in Alexandria from Jerusalem. The civilisation of the Pharaohs plays also a influential role in todayâ€™s daily life of the Egyptian and the most famous refugees in Egypt were the Holy Family. The Nil is the source of life at Pharaohs time and today and the desert monastic communities become the model for Christian monasticism.